Revolution is a subject. It is both all of the social reality, penetrating all of its spheres, and it is the study of this reality (like "history" used to be - both all the story of the human civilization, and a study of it, started by Herodotus). In fact, it is reality studying itself, reality becoming conscious of itself.
Revolution, in the very least, should be a science, and as such studied carefully. However, science appears to be an old form of knowledge, in the sense that it studies all phenomena separately, encouraging narrow specialization, and, hence, separation of theory from practice, or experiment. Revolution, as an object of study, belongs to the new form of knowledge, the one which consciously reverses the separation of theory from practice, which views all things as a part of a system, as a whole consisting of infinite number of parts.
The most general form of revolution is a vortex. The image of revolution we can see in spiral-shaped galaxies.
A revolution can also be seen as a "negation of negation", or "a negation of difference".
All revolutions exhibit following tri-partite scheme:
1) an evolution within the old framework, growing up a crisis, plainly showing all inability to solve it within the old framework.
2) An explosion, leading to disintegration of the old framework, a destruction of the old institutions of repression and control of the masses (including mass media).
3) A new continuum, an evolution, a development of the new forces unleashed by the previous stage.
Understanding the logic of development of revolution starts with understanding of its causes.
All social revolutions are preceded by a new spiral in development of productive forces. The principal productive force of XXI century is information and knowledge. All those who ignore this, who don't treat this as central category, are not revolutionaries, or only instinctively grope their way towards revolution.
New modes of consciousness result from general development of the productive forces. As industrial revolution has led to development of science in all aspects of reality - science investigates all, but in a narrowly specialized way - so an information revolution leads to new, revolutionary ways of knowledge, e.g. "Map of knowledge".
The mind is searching for new ways to love, to beget children, to educate them, and to follow "the yellow brick road", which is an allegory of the road of knowledge ("Dao"). Thus, social revolution is both in the "macro-society" (global politics) and in "micro-society" - in the structure of family, in the relationships between individual human beings to each other, and in our own self-organization of life activity.
Opposition to the old order of things usually first comes from poets, and artists in general. Denounciations we see in opposition poetry, music, songs, theatrical performances, new forms of art, etc. Hence, it is here that we should seek the early birds of the distant lands. In practical terms, it means that it is among the modern artists - graffiti artists, musicians, film directors, web designers - that we should first seek opposition to the existing social order. One example of such a graffiti artist is Banksy. The music of Pink Floyd used to be very denunciationary of the capitalist-imperialist social order. Some films of Oliver Stone show the realities of imperialism.
One of the conditions for a social revolution is the manifest inability of the old ruling classes, or its faction in power, to resolve problems which stand before the society.
Social revolutions are characterized by direct participation of the masses of people in events which prove to of historic importance. This intervention is most often carried out by violent means, involving the use of weapons, armed battles, etc. Some examples of this are the storming of the Bastille on 14 July, 1789, in France, and the storming of the Winter Palace on 7 November, 1917 in Russia.
Each succeeding wave of revolution starts where the previous left off, or runs through stages of previous revolutions very fast, as a baby in womb repeats very fast the stages of development of its living ancestors. Thus, in the French revolution the plebians started to rise up when the upward movement of the revolution was already over - in Germinal, Prerial and in the Conspiracy for Equality of 1796. Meanwhile, in the Russian revolution of 120 years later, the plebians were the immediate actors on the stage, they immediately started to put forth their demands - starting with the February revolution of 1917, or even before that, during the Bloody Sunday of 1905.
Dialectic of a revolution:
1) Contradictions accumulate, but struggle is confined to "peaceful" forms, such as paliamentary politics, up to jailing the political opponents, but not shooting them.
2) A civil war, often resulting from an unsuccessful coup d'etat conducted by the former powers that be. The society splits into 2, or as many parts as there are armies formed. New states are emerging from the nucleus of those armies.
3) A social revolution, on the rise, exhibits a succession of more and more radical political parties coming to power (in the Russian revolution in 1917: cadets, social-revolutionaries, bolsheviks). On the downslide, revolutions also exhibit a more and more conservative party coming to power, until the revolution hits the very bottom, which is the period of Restoration.
4) First reaction upon the revolution is called "Thermidor", removing the most radical faction of a class from power.
5) Next, we see a centrist dictatorship (altenatively called "Caesarism", "Bonapartism", "Stalinism", "Maoism", etc.).
6) An attempt to restore the old social order is called "Restoration".
7) Contradictions resulting from policies of restoration accumulate, resulting in some way of overthrowing the Restoration regime.
8) In the post-Restoration regime, a moderate revolutionary faction comes to power. It preserves the social institutions of the social revolution created in struggle against the old social order, for example, the planned economy and nationalization of land and factories.