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New states of Germany

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Persisting differences in culture and mentality among the old East Germany and old West Germany are often referred to as the "wall in the head" ("Mauer im Kopf").[1] "Ossis" ("Easties") are stereotyped as racist, poor and largely influenced by Russian culture.[2] "Wessis" ("Westies") are usually considered snobbish, dishonest and selfish. The terms can be considered disparaging.

only 22% of former East Germans (40% of under-25s) consider themselves "real citizens of the Federal Republic".[3] 62% feel in a kind of limbo, no longer citizens of East Germany but not fully integrated into the unified Germany. Around 11% would like to have East Germany back.[3] A 2004 poll found that 25% of West Germans and 12% of East Germans wished reunification had not happened.[1

the standard of living and annual income remains significantly lower in the new federal states

At reunification, almost all East German industry was outdated.[7] The government had to privatise 8,500 state-owned East German enterprises.[9] Since 1990, between €100 billion and €140 billion a year have been transferred to the new states.[9] More than $60 billion were spent supporting businesses and building infrastructure in the years 2006-2008

At reunification, almost all East German industry was outdated.[7] The government had to privatise 8,500 state-owned East German enterprises.[9] Since 1990, between €100 billion and €140 billion a year have been transferred to the new states.[9] More than $60 billion were spent supporting businesses and building infrastructure in the years 2006-2008

The socialist party The Left (Die Linke, fusioned with the Party of Democratic Socialism, the GDR state party's successor, as main component) has been successful throughout eastern Germany, capitalising on the continued disparity of living conditions and salaries with western Germany, and high unemployment

After 1990, far right and Nationalist groups gained followers.

The National Democratic Party of Germany won 9.2% of the vote in 2004 state parliament elections, and the party has eight seats in the state parliament in Dresden, just behind the 13 held by the Social Democrats. Far right parties also have seats in the parliaments of Brandenburg and in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

The National Democratic Party of Germany won 9.2% of the vote in 2004 state parliament elections, and the party has eight seats in the state parliament in Dresden, just behind the 13 held by the Social Democrats. Far right parties also have seats in the parliaments of Brandenburg and in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

East German jokes:

The teacher asks: "Fritzchen, what is the difference between capitalism and socialism?" Fritz replies: "Capitalism is the exploitation of man by man. Under socialism, it is the other way around."

Opinion: German reunification should not be judged by statistics alone

http://www.dw.de/dw/article/0,,6059080,00.html

unemployment is twice as high in eastern Germany as it is in the West and that people in western Germany are paid better than their eastern counterparts.

East Germans are still different

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2010/sep/30/east-germany-angela-merkel

East Germans represent 20% of the population but under 5% of the elite in politics, business, science and media, found the sociologists at Bielefeld University.

None of the 30 leading companies listed in the German share index have an east German boss. 95% of professors of sociology or political science are originally from the west, even in east German universities such as Leipzig or Dresden. The same is true for the media. The editors-in-chief of big newspapers all hail from the west. Not even Berliner Zeitung or SuperIllu, which are mainly read in the east, have east German editors. – диктатура капитала

We hear mainly of remaining cultural and socio-economic differences. But what’s behind this?

(All this “neutral” encyclopedias, magazines are boring!)

07/01/2010

2 Germanies
Germany's Disappointing Reunification How the East Was Lost

By Alexander Neubacher and Michael Sauga

An estimated €1.3 trillion ($1.6 trillion) have flowed from the former West Germany to the former East Germany over the last 20 years. But what has that money achieved? Historic neighborhoods have been restored, new autobahns built and the telephone network brought up to date, but most of the money was spent on social benefits such as welfare payments. The anticipated economic upswing failed to materialize.

The per capita economic output in the east is only at 71 percent of the western level, with a disproportionately high share of economic output attributable to the public sector. – State still dominates the economy of the East!

Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, the population of eastern Germany has declined by almost 2 million people, a trend that is continuing unabated. – depopulation, decline in productive forces

Of Germany's 100 largest industrial companies and 100 largest service providers, not one has its headquarters in eastern Germany. – not accidental. Property rights in E. Germany

“deconstruction” instead of building-up

"central indicators for the job market suggest more of a tendency toward stagnation than catching up."

Hundreds of thousands of East Germans were "branded as second-class workers," says Esther Schröder, a former SPD member of the Brandenburg state parliament.

Property Rights Index - Germany Compared to Continent

Descending Rank

Iceland

90

Germany

90

Ireland

90

Denmark

90

Luxembourg

90

Sweden

90

Switzerland

90

Netherlands

90

Finland

90

Norway

90

Austria

90

UK

85

France

80

Cyprus

80

Estonia

80

Belgium

80

Spain

70

Malta

70

Portugal

70

Czech Rep.

65

Hungary

65

Slovenia

60

Lithuania

60

Poland

60

Greece

50

Latvia

50

Italy

50

Slovak Rep.

50

Turkey

50

Montenegro

40

Moldova

40

Serbia

40

Romania

40

Croatia

40

Macedonia

35

Albania

35

Ukraine

30

Bulgaria

30

Russia

25

Bosnia & H.

20

Belarus

20

http://scholarship.law.duke.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1004&context=dlj

Pay
The privatization process set up by the German privatizers

excluded East Germans from participation; a “colony” of West

Germany has resulted. East Germans have no stake in their economy;

many do not understand how it works and have become

Population-Germany
bitter about outsiders’ participation in the privatization process. As

one commentator stated:

The most disturbing effect of . . . [privatization] is the bitter

feeling on the part of many eastern Germans that their once-national

property has been sold off to outsiders—to western Germans,

mostly—and that the easterners who kept the economy

plodding along all those difficult years under communism didn’t

have the wherewithal to enter the bidding fray.180

Demolising in the east

Buildings in the East are demolished.

Mentality gaps between East and West persist, but so does sympathy.[23] Additionally, the daily-life exchange of Easterners and Westerners is not so large as expected.[30][31] Young people's knowledge of the former East Germany is very low.[32] Some people in Eastern Germany engage in "Ostalgia", which is a certain nostalgia for the time before the wall came down.

http://www.spiegel.de/international/spiegel/grossbild-373639-515451.html

The Left (Germany)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Parties-Germany

Seat of German parties in parliament

The party was founded on 16 June 2007 as the merger of the Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS)—the successor of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (the ruling party of East Germany until 1989)—and the Electoral Alternative for Labour and Social Justice (WASG). Its co-chairs are Klaus Ernst and Gesine Lötzsch. In the Bundestag the party has 76 out of 622 seats after polling 11.9% of the vote in the 2009 federal elections.[

The party's fiscal policies are based on Keynesian economics, originating from the 1930s when governments responded to the Great Depression.

the small "Communist Platform"—a minority faction within the party—is under observation in 3 eastern states.[27]

In January 2012, it became known that more than one third of the party's MPs are observed by the federal Verfassungsschutz due to suspected extremist views

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Party_of_Democratic_Socialism_(Germany)

 the legal successor to the Socialist Unity Party (SED), which ruled the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) until 1990. From 1990 through to 2005, the PDS had been seen as the left-wing "party of the East". While it achieved minimal support in western Germany, it regularly won 15% to 25% of the vote in eastern Germany, entering coalition governments (with the Social Democratic Party) in the federal states of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Berlin.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Left_Party_(Germany)

In 2005, the PDS, renamed The Left Party.PDS (Die Linkspartei.PDS), entered an electoral alliance with the western Germany-based Labour and Social Justice – The Electoral Alternative (WASG) and won 8.7% of the vote in Germany's September 2005 federal elections (more than double the 4% share achieved by the PDS alone in the 2002 election). On June 16, 2007, the two groupings merged to form a unified new party called The Left(Die Linke).

The party had many Social Progressive policies including legalisation of same-sex marriage and greater social welfare for immigrants.

 the Left Party.PDS was a co-founder of the Party of the European Left alliance of parties

Since German reunification, the PDS has frequently been the target of suspicions that leading members were connected with East Germany's Ministry for State Security, or Stasi.

 National Democratic Party of Germany

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The party is usually described as a neo-Nazi organization,[5][6][7][8] and is known as "the most significant neo-Nazi party to emerge after 1945

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