Introduction to the concept of global revolution
1. “Global revolution” is a truly systematic object. Hence, it requires a systematic approach.
2. Systematic approach, according to A. Fetisov, involves first defining the object as a whole, the object which will be our system. Next, we need to outline previous concepts about the object. Next, we need to know the content of the system which we are investigating, breaking it up into parts. After this, comes the need to investigate each part of the system as a thing in itself, as a separate system. Then, we need to understand the logic of interaction of the separate systems, which compose the whole, the grand system which we’re investigating. Then, we go back to practice, whereby we create the system which we have been investigating in theory. Then, in the course of practice, we encounter certain problems with our attempt to realize the system. Hence, we notice and study the mistakes and correct either parts of the system, or the system as a whole.
3. First, as to the name of the object. “Global revolution” is a quiet new name, as people previously talked about the “world revolution”, for example L.D. Trotsky, etc. “World” as a concept has expanded since the discovery of other galaxies, and today we talk about the Universe, when we mean the whole world. Nobody is talking about the “universal revolution”. Hence, we mean “global revolution”, as opposed to “national revolutions” which have happened before. The globe means the planet; “planetary revolution” would be a synonym for global revolution. However, when we talk about “the planet”, we usually mean the environment. When we talk about the “globe”, we usually mean the society and politics.
4. Previous ideas about global revolution involved the following:
- V.I. Lenin talked about the Russian revolution of 1917 as only one link in the chain of revolutions which were caused by World War I. This has been confirmed by the experience of the Irish rebellion of 1916, the German revolution of 1918-19, the Hungarian revolution of 1918, etc. W. Churchill, in his book “The Great War” noticed that foundations of capitalist world order were shaking at the close of WWI.
- In the course of World War II, we have also had a series of revolutions. The war was preceded by the revolution in Spain, 1936-39, followed by socialist revolutions in Yugoslavia, 1943, Albania, 1944, and China, 1948. Then, there were also anti-colonial revolutions in India, Vietnam, Korea, Burma, etc. Hence, in the course of each world war conditions are created which give rise to a global revolutionary wave. These revolutions may precede the actual war, but most of them take place in the course of the war, or immediately follow, as consequences, and we may say “retribution” for the wrongs which the war brought.
- The global society is now moving towards World War III. This is evident from the arms race, expressed in increasing military budgets of the main global powers, the constant war games, etc. This means that in the course of the coming world war, conditions again will be created for a global revolution. We need to start preparing for this.
5. Above, we have not defined what we mean by "revolution". It seems that "revolution" happens only in the sphere of politics. However, a more profound refection on the concept shows that it happens in the sphere of society. This involves the way in which the human society is organized. Organization of the human society is determined by the level of its productive forces. Alongside of these, we find arrangements for reproduction of the human society, for its education, and methods for attaining new knowledge. All these are important for the concept of global revolution we're trying to develop.
Hence, we may define "revolution" as a qualitative change sweeping all aspects in which society is organized, starting with its productive forces, the basic ways in which material life is produced and reproduced, and finding its repercussions in the sphere of global politics and society. This re-organization of society has incremental character, meaning that gradual changes accumulate, until qualitative change is produced.
29 August - 19 September, 2016