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Demography of China

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Effectiveness of one-child policy

Until 2013, China practiced "one-child policy", allowing married couples to have only one child. This led to sex disbalance, as couples preferred mostly boys.

It was introduced in 1980 and began to be formally phased out in 2015. The policy allowed many exceptions and ethnic minorities were exempt. In 2007, 36% of China's population was subject to a strict one-child restriction, with an additional 100% being allowed to have a second child if the first child was a girl.

On October 29, 2015, it was reported that the existing law would be changed to a two-child policy, citing a statement from the Communist Party of China. The new law became effective on January 1, 2016.

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