Red Army Faction or Red Army Fraction

The RAF was founded in 1970 by Andreas BaaderGudrun EnsslinHorst Mahler, and Ulrike Meinhof.

There were three successive incarnations of the organization:

  • the "first generation" which consisted of Baader and his associates,
  • the "second generation" RAF, which operated in the mid- to late 1970s after several former members of the Socialist Patients' Collective joined, and
  • the "third generation" RAF, which existed in the 1980s and 1990s.

January 2016, German police identified three RAF members as being the perpetrators of an assault on an armored truck transporting €1 million, thus fueling suspicion that RAF might be active again

Movie about RAF: "The Baader-Mainhoff Complex" , 2008

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