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Bolivar Arturo Michelena
1783-1830

"Venezuelan military and political leader who played a leading role in the establishment of VenezuelaBoliviaColombiaEcuadorPeru and Panama as sovereign states, independent of Spanish rule.

Bolívar was born into a wealthy, aristocratic Creole family and, like others of his day, was educated abroad at a young age, arriving in Spain when he was 16 and later on moving to France. While in Europe he was introduced to the ideas of Enlightenment philosophers, which gave him the ambition to replace the Spanish as rulers. Taking advantage of the disorder in Spain prompted by the Peninsular War, Bolívar began his campaign for independence in 1808, appealing to the wealthy Creole population".

So, Enlightenment was not limited to Europe. It was a global phenomenon.

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