- A revolt of the Dutch bourgeoisie against the midieval Spanish Empire. The rebellion was preceded by the rising consciousness of the Dutch people, as witnessed by such painter as Breughel the Elder . The revolt was followed by the "Dutch Golden Age", during which Holland was the center of the best artists (e.g. Rembradt), innovations in philosophy (e.g. Spinoza) and science (e.g. Leeuwenhoek).
- Overview of the revolt from Wikipedia